Taking notes on a lecture can be easy when you have a great PowerPoint to help focus your attention. This short, yet informative presentation will help learners pinpoint key facts about Charlemagne, the Carolingians, and the Frankish... monarchs, the Holy Roman emperors often decided who would become bishops and abbots within their realm. At the same time, popes tried to end such interference in the Church from secular rulers. Describe the Holy Roman Empire. The Feud Between Pope and Emperor In 1054 Henry IV was crowned king of Germany; later he also became Holy Roman emperor.
Petrarch, an Italian poet and scholar of the fourteenth century, famously referred to the period of time between the fall of the Roman Empire (c. 476) and his own day (c. 1330s) as the Dark Ages. Petrarch believed that the Dark Ages was a period of intellectual darkness due to the loss of the classical learning, which he saw as light.